Some of my friends must be familiar with the word analysis or analysis. One of the words that often appears when sitting in school or college turns out to have many definitions.
To make it easier for friends to understand what analysis is, here we review the various definitions of analysis according to the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI) and also according to experts (experts).
What is Analysis?
According to linguistics, Understanding Analysis is the process of parsing, sorting, and grouping data/information to get results according to the goals to be achieved.
In its development, the use of word analysis or academic analysis has been in the spotlight, especially among linguists. The usage that must be analyzed is because word analysis is a loan word from English, namely analysis.
The early history of the word analysis is an absorption of the English word “analysis” which etymologically comes from the ancient Greek “ἀνάλυσις” (Analusis). The word Analusis itself has two syllables, namely “ana” which means to return, and “luein” which means to break down.
The merging of the two words has the meaning of re-elaborating which is then absorbed into English into analysis and then reabsorbed into Indonesian.
From the suffix isys when absorbed into Indonesian it becomes isis. So it must be straightened out in the use of any language in order to create practice for the nation, a better logical sequence arises.
Meanwhile, in terms of data analysis, it is an effort or way to manage data that becomes information, so the characteristics of the data can be understood and have benefits for the solution of a problem, especially for problems related to research.
Meanwhile, according to laboratory activities, the word analysis can mean activities carried out in the laboratory to examine substances in samples.
Another definition of analysis is an activity carried out to change the data resulting from research so that it becomes information that can later be used in drawing conclusions.
Difference between Analysis and Analysis:
In simple terms, the difference between analysis and the most basic analysis is “Analisis = Noun”, while “Analisis = Verb”. While the similarities between the two are in the process, namely observing things in detail. So the notion of analysis is the standard form of the word analysis.At first glance, analysis and analysis seem to have the same meaning, but actually these two words have differences, namely in the placement of different words in the Indonesian language rules.
“We will cut down this banana tree.” In this sentence, we can see that there is one verb used, namely the word ‘tebang’.
By following the rules of Indonesian, we try to enter the word analysis/analysis in the sentence:
“We will analyze this tree” or “We will analyze this tree”.
The correct use is in the first sentence, namely using the word ‘Analysis’. This is because the word cutting is a verb and the word analyze is also a verb.
If we use the second sentence (analysis) then the sentence structure will be the same as this “We will cut down this banana tree”. Because analysis is a noun, it is certainly not in accordance with the composition of the Indonesian language rules.
Understanding Analysis According to Experts
Below are some definitions of analysis according to some experts to help in understanding more deeply. Without further ado, here’s the explanation:
Analysis According to Wiradi (2006)
Analysis is an activity that contains activities to sort, parse, distinguish things to be classified and grouped based on certain criteria and then look for an estimated meaning and relationship.
Analysis According to Sugiono (2015: 335)
Analysis is the process of thinking in finding/determining patterns related to systematic testing with the aim of determining the relationship between parts and the whole part.
Analysis According to Komaruddin (2001)
Analysis is a thinking activity to explain a comprehensively making components so that they can recognize the signs of components, relate to each other and their respective functions in a unified whole.
Analysis According to Dwi Prastowo Darminto & Rifka Julianty (2005;52)
Analysis is the decomposition of a subject from its various parts and the study of the parts themselves, and the relationship between the parts to obtain a suitable understanding and understanding of the meaning of the whole.
Analysis According to Syahrul
Analysis is to evaluate the condition of the items or paragraphs related to accounting and the possible reasons for the differences that arise.
Analysis According to Minto Rahayu
Analysis is a way of dividing the subject into component components. The meaning is to let go, to let go, to describe something that is bound together.
Analysis According to Satori & Komariyah (2014: 200)
Analysis is an activity / effort in breaking down a problem into groups of parts with the aim of clarifying the main problem which can then be captured by meaning and its solution.
Analysis According to Robert J. Schreiter (1991)
Analysis is an activity of reading a text, by placing signs in a dynamic interaction about the message to be conveyed.
Analysis According to Suharso & Ana Retnoningsih (2005)
Analysis is an activity of investigating an event to find out the facts that actually happened (cause, problem, main problem, solution).
Analysis According to Harahap (2004)
Analysis is an activity to solve or decompose a data unit into various smallest data units to find the main idea.
Analysis According to Accounting Dictionary (2000)
Analysis is the stage of the process of evaluating the condition of items or items related to accounting and the possible reasons for the differences that arise.
Analysis According to KBBI
According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary, analysis has various definitions, including the following:
- The activity of investigating an event (writing, deed, etc.) to find out the actual situation (cause, problem, and solution).
- The elaboration of a main idea of its various parts and a study of the parts themselves whether there is a relationship between the parts to obtain a proper understanding and understanding of the meaning of the whole (management field).
- Chemical investigation by describing something to find out the substance of its parts and so on (the field of chemistry).
- A description of a problem after going through the assessment stages properly.
Solving a problem that begins with a guess/hypothesis of its truth.
Examples of Analysis in Various Scientific Fields
Among the examples of analysis that are commonly used are examples of financial statement analysis, health analysis, military analysis, job analysis, and many others. Here are some examples of analysis with a complete description.
Financial Statement Analysis
Financial statement analysis is about the application of analytical methods and techniques from financial statements and other data to see the report measuring certain measures and relationships that are very useful in the decision-making process.
Analysis of the financial statements of a company is basically because you want to know the level of profitability and the level of risk or the level of health of a company.
The thing that is so easy in financial analysis is calculating the financial ratios of a company, and there are challenges for analyzing the calculation books but how to do the analysis and interpret the financial ratios that arise.
Financial statement analysis also has several objectives, namely:
- Invest in stocks
For investors, financial statement analysis is needed to make investment decisions in stocks and assess the company’s ability and project the company’s ability in the future. Investors or potential investors will be attracted by a high level of profit with a low level of ratio.
- Credit grant
In this analysis, the main objective is to assess the company’s ability to repay the loan and the interest associated with the loan.
Short-term credit analysis will focus on the company’s ability to pay its short-term obligations as they fall due. While long-term credit analysis focuses on the company’s ability to pay long-term obligations as they fall due.
- supplier health
The company depends on the supply of the supplier having an interest in that supplier. Companies want to ensure that suppliers are healthy and viable.
With the possibility of continuous collaboration, analysis from the company’s side will attempt to analyze the profitability of the supplier company, financial condition, ability to generate cash to meet daily operations and ability to pay obligations as they fall due.
- Customer health
If the company is going to provide credit sales to customers, the company needs customer financial information, especially information about the customer’s ability to meet short-term obligations. The analysis carried out will depend on the size of the credit, the credit period, the type of customer business, the size of the customer’s business and so on.
- Company health seen from employees
Employees and prospective employees may be interested in analyzing the company’s finances to ensure that the company to be entered has good financial prospects. Several factors that can be analyzed are the company’s profitability, the company’s financial condition, and the company’s ability to generate cash.
The government can analyze the company’s finances to determine the taxes paid or determine a reasonable rate of profit for the industry. If a company is going to sell its shares in the capital market, the government in the case of Bapepam will conduct a financial analysis of the company to determine whether or not the company is eligible to go public.
- Internal analysis
Internal parties need information on financial conditions to determine how far the company’s development is. Information is used to evaluate management performance.
From the description of the article above, it can be concluded that the notion of analysis is an effort or way to manage data that becomes information, so the characteristics of the data can be understood and have benefits for the solution of a problem, especially for problems that have a relationship with research.
That’s not a little explanation of what analysis is according to experts and various examples. Hopefully all the information contained can be conveyed perfectly. So that it can help in adding information, insight and knowledge to readers.
That’s a review about Definition of Analysis and Examples the parallaxcode.com team can describe. Hopefully the articles that we provide can be useful.