Kinds of Computer Network Topologies

As our times develop, we will always need innovations or ways to make our activities easier for us to live in life. One of them is the existence of a computer network topology.

Reporting from wikipedia.org, network topology is the name of where the network combines from one computer to another. For more details, you can listen to the article below, because it will discuss what a network topology is.

What will be described in this article is the following understanding of network topology, various types of network topologies or types of network topologies, and pictures of computer network topologies. Let’s just take a look at the full review below.

Understanding Network Topology

Network topology is a method used to connect one computer to another computer through link and node settings so that they are connected to each other.

Examples of network topologies such as ring topology, bus topology, star topology, mesh topology, and tree topology. Each of these computer network topologies certainly has its advantages and disadvantages.

So that with the various network topologies, it must be able to position according to the needs and types of network topologies.

The structure for connecting one computer to another usually uses a cable or wireless (without cables). In its use, the computer network topology is used when the network scale required is wide enough so that it can be adapted to network needs.

The ideal network topology depends on the scale, size, goals, and budget of each computer network industry.

The existence of this network topology diagram is very useful in helping visualize communication devices, which are modeled as nodes and connections between devices using links between nodes.

Computer Network Topology Functions

Network layout has a direct impact on the functionality of a computer network. Using the right topology will certainly improve data performance and efficiency in optimizing the allocation of existing resources.

In addition, the use of a computer network topology is of course also useful to reduce operational costs that swell due to misuse in managing computer networks.

From the description above, it can be concluded that the function of the network topology is to determine the configuration of various telecommunications networks, including computer networks, and radio networks so that they run properly.

In determining how to design the ideal network topology for the needs and requirements of network usage, it is very important to first develop a comprehensive understanding of network functionality.

A computer network topology ideally is also equipped with supporting software to analyze network connectivity problems such as network slowness.

In addition, the use of network topology mapping software will also make it easier for users to visualize how devices are connected and help identify the most efficient topology.

Among several computer network topology applications that you can download and use for free are Microsoft Visio, and LibreOffice Draw.

Kinds of Network Topologies

In general, the network topology is divided into two. The first is the ‘physical network topology’ i.e. the transmission medium that uses physical signals, and the second is the ‘logical network topology’ which is the logical network topology which refers to the way data travels through the network between devices, regardless of the physical connection between devices.

The logical network topology is further divided into several parts, namely Ethernet twisted pair, which is categorized as a logical bus topology, and token ring, which is categorized as a logical ring topology.

Meanwhile, physical network topologies include star, mesh, tree, ring, point-to-point, circular, hybrid, and bus topologies, each consisting of different configurations of nodes and links.

The following below will explain in detail the various computer network topologies and their network structure images:

Ring Topology

This ring network topology is in the form of a circle, so that it is circular or called a ring, the ring topology is a network topology that connects from one computer to another in a circular circuit like a ring.

This type of computer network topology generally uses a LAN card so that each computer is connected. Each point/node in the ring topology has a function as a repeater that can amplify the signal along the data flow circulation.

Each device in the ring topology cooperates with each other to receive signals from the previous device which will then be forwarded to the next device, the process of receiving and forwarding this data signal is assisted by a transmission medium in the form of a token ring.

Advantages :

  • Low cost
  • Connection performance is quite good
  • Implementation is easy
  • The installation and configuration process is quite easy

Deficiency :

  • If there is a problem the management is a little complicated
  • A collision current is possible on this network
  • The network connection will be lost if one of the connections is problematic

Bus Topology

You could say the bus topology is the oldest type of topology among the others. Bus topology is a computer network topology method that was first used as a liaison between PCs.

Bus topology is a simple network topology, in general this computer network topology is carried out on a coaxial cable-based network installation.

In this topology, each computer is connected using a long cable with several connecting terminals which at each end of the cable has one terminator.

One of the reasons why the bus topology is rarely used is from network modeling where the risk of damage to computer equipment will occur when there is a collision between data streams.

Advantages :

  • Ease if there is a new client
  • Easy to use and very simple
  • Few cables are used, so the costs are not much

Deficiency :

  • Data flow collisions often occur
  • The process of sending and receiving data is less efficient
  • The old bus topology is difficult to develop
  • If there is a problem with the cable, then the computer will be disturbed

Star Topology

Star topology is the same as star topology, star topology is a star-shaped network topology which generally uses a hub or switch for connections between clients. This computer network topology is most often used today because it has many advantages.

Advantages :

  • The star topology network continues to work well even though one of the computers has a problem
  • The level of security is easy to detect problems on the network
  • Easier to detect users on problematic networks
  • More flexible

Deficiency :

  • The costs incurred are expensive because quite a lot of cables are needed
  • All computers in this network will have problems if the hub or switch has problems
  • The star topology is highly dependent on the central terminal

Thank you to readers who have read from beginning to end and listened carefully to the computer network topology material that we describe, hopefully it will be useful.

And the author apologizes if there are errors in writing or sentences that are not intentional by the author. The author needs criticism and suggestions from readers, so that the next article will be better than before and easily understood by readers.

That’s a review about Kinds of Computer Network Topologies the parallaxcode.com team can describe. Hopefully the articles that we provide can be useful.